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In many ways, modern warfare is information warfare. Bruce Berkowitz's explanation of how information war revolutionized combat and what it means for our soldiers could not be better timed.
As Western forces wage war against terrorists and their supporters, in actions large and small, on several continents, The New Face of War explains how they fight and how they will win or lose.
There are four key dynamics to the new warfare: America's use of networked, elite ground forces, in combination with precision-guided bombing from manned and unmanned flyers, turned Afghanistan from a Soviet graveyard into a lopsided field of American victory.
Yet we are not invulnerable, and the same technology that we used in Kuwait in is now available to anyone with a credit card and access to the Internet.
Al Qaeda is adept in the new model of war, and has searched long and hard for weaknesses in our defenses.
Will we be able to stay ahead of its thinking? In Iraq, Saddam's army is in no position to defeat its enemies -- but could it defend Baghdad?
As the world anxiously considers these and other questions of modern war, Bruce Berkowitz offers many answers and a framework for understanding combat that will never again resemble the days of massive marches on fortress-like positions.
The New Face of War is a crucial guidebook for reading the headlines from across our troubled planet. In the wake of the anthrax letters following the attacks on the World Trade Center, Americans have begun to grapple with two difficult truths: In Germs, three veteran reporters draw on top sources inside and outside the U.
Featuring an inside look at how germ warfare has been waged throughout history and what form its future might take and in whose hands , Germs reads like a gripping detective story told by fascinating key figures: American and Soviet medical specialists who once made germ weapons but now fight their spread, FBI agents who track Islamic radicals, the Iraqis who built Saddam Hussein's secret arsenal, spies who travel the world collecting lethal microbes, and scientists who see ominous developments on the horizon.
With clear scientific explanations and harrowing insights, Germs is a masterfully written -- and timely -- work of investigative journalism.
He educated millions of readers about the origins of the universe and the nature of black holes, and inspired millions more by defying a terrifying early prognosis of ALS, which originally gave him only two years to live.
In later life he could communicate only by using a few facial muscles, but he continued to advance his field and serve as a revered voice on social and humanitarian issues.
Now, as we face immense challenges on our planet—including climate change, the threat of nuclear war, and the development of artificial intelligence—he turns his attention to the most urgent issues facing us.
Should we colonize space? This phenomenal New York Times bestseller tells a riveting story of the collision between ethics, race, and medicine; of scientific discovery and faith healing; and of a daughter consumed with questions about the mother she never knew.
Fundamentals of Space Medicine: Investigations in space have led to fundamental discoveries of the human body to the space environment. This readable text presents the findings from the life science experiments conducted during and after space missions.
About human space flights have been completed to date, including more than astronauts from various countries, for a combined total presence in space of about 90 years.
The first edition of this title was published in written in — , and new data is now available from crewmembers participating in long-duration flights on board the International Space Station ISS.
The number of astronauts who have spent six months in orbit has doubled since On board the ISS, the astronauts use newly developed pharmaceutical countermeasure for bone loss such as biophosphonates and state-of-the-art exercise resistive devices against muscle atrophy and cardiovascular deterioration.
The ISS life support systems now use advanced closed-loop systems for meeting the needs of a 6-person crew, including recycling urine to water.
Some of these new technologies have potential spin-offs for medical i. And finally, there are new space research opportunities with the Orion space vehicle that will soon replace the Space Shuttle, the Moon, and Mars space exploration program that is slowly but surely taking shape, and the space tourism sector that has become a reality.
The focus on this edition is the ISS, Orion and planetary exploration, and space tourism. How did the universe begin—and what made its start possible?
Does time always flow forward? Is the universe unending—or are there boundaries? Are there other dimensions in space?
What will happen when it all ends? With exciting images and profound imagination, Stephen Hawking brings us closer to the ultimate secrets at the very heart of creation.
Quant Book April 11, 3. Bringing together biochemical, genetic, molecular biology, and clinical approaches to the study of fatty acid oxidation, this text includes lates research from most of the major groups working in this field.
It provides a multi-disciplinary approach to the subject and an up-to-date overview of the most recent developments and debates.
Edition 6 Ron Larson January 1, 3. The Larson team always has two main objectives for text revisions: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
This book highlights current Cannabis research: An additionally important cannabinoid of current interest is Cannabidiol CBD.
There has been a significant interest in CBD and CBD oil extract of CBD rich Cannabis over the last few years because of its reported activity as an antiepileptic agent, particularly its potential use in the treatment of intractable epilepsy in children.
Applies basic field behavior in circuit design and demonstrates how it relates to grounding and shielding requirements and techniques in circuit design This book connects the fundamentals of electromagnetic theory to the problems of interference in all types of electronic design.
Circuits and Interference, Sixth Edition: Includes new material on vias and field control, capacitors as transmission lines, first energy sources, and high speed designs using boards with only two layersDemonstrates how circuit geometry controls performance from dc to gigahertzExamines the use of multi-shielded transformers in clean-power installationsProvides effective techniques for handling noise problems in analog and digital circuitsDiscusses how to use conductor geometry to improve performance, limit radiation, and reduce susceptibility to all types of hardware and systems Grounding and Shielding: Pop Psychology See more Big ideas, easy reading.
Living in the Age of Entitlement Jean M. Twenge April 21, 2. Narcissism -- a very positive and inflated view of the self -- is everywhere. It's the value that parents teach their children with song lyrics like "I am special.
Look at me," the skill teenagers and young adults obsessively hone on Facebook and MySpace, and the reason high school students physically beat classmates and then broadcast their violence on YouTube for all to see.
It's the message preached by prosperity gospel and the vacuous ethos spread by celebrity newsmakers. And it's what's making people depressed, lonely, and buried under piles of debt.
Twenge's influential and controversial first book, Generation Me, generated a national debate with its trenchant depiction of the challenges twenty- and thirtysomethings face emotionally and professionally in today's world -- and the fallout these issues create for older generations as well as employers.
Twenge is on to a new incendiary topic that has repercussions for every age-group and class: Twenge joins forces with W.
Every day, you encounter the real costs of narcissism: Even the world economy has been damaged by risky, unrealistic overconfidence.
As a society, we have a chance to slow the epidemic of narcissism once we learn to identify it, minimize the forces that sustain and transmit it, and treat it where we find it.
Drawing on their own extensive research as well as decades of other experts' studies, Drs. Twenge and Campbell show us how.
The Power of Now: To make the journey into the Now we will need to leave our analytical mind and its false created self, the ego, behind.
From the very first page of Eckhart Tolle's extraordinary book, we move rapidly into a significantly higher altitude where we breathe a lighter air.
A word of mouth phenomenon since its first publication, The Power of Now is one of those rare books with the power to create an experience in readers, one that can radically change their lives for the better.
Morris January 20, 2. Post-traumatic stress disorder afflicts as many as 30 percent of those who have experienced twenty-first-century combat—but it is not confined to soldiers.
Countless ordinary Americans also suffer from PTSD, following incidences of abuse, crime, natural disasters, accidents, or other trauma—yet in many cases their symptoms are still shrouded in mystery, secrecy, and shame.
Written by a war correspondent and former Marine with firsthand experience of this disorder, and drawing on interviews with individuals living with PTSD, it forays into the scientific, literary, and cultural history of the illness.
Using a rich blend of reporting and memoir, The Evil Hours is a moving work that will speak not only to those with the condition and to their loved ones, but also to all of us struggling to make sense of an anxious and uncertain time.
Dogs are invented creatures -- invented by humans, who have been shaping the lives of these four-legged companions for more than 14, years. However, we often forget that, just as dogs live in our world, we live in theirs.
The Modern Dog is a look at our coevolution, interpreting both canine and human points of view, by Dr. Stanley Coren, the most consistently popular author of dog books ever.
A fascinating treasure trove of information gleaned from science, folklore, religious writing, tradition, and politics, The Modern Dog explores not only how dogs behave, but also how we share our lives with our dogs.
Much more a romp than a formal exposition, The Modern Dog's profiles and tales are funny, sweet, quirky, and reveal a lot about both species and our centuries-long partnership.
This book will show you how the mutually beneficial relationship between humans and dogs might very well be the reason why early Homo sapiens evolved and survived while Neanderthals became extinct.
You will see how dogs have played many prominent roles in human history, from ancient Egypt, where Pharaoh Ramses II was buried with the names and statues of four of his dogs, to modern American politics, where many U.
Our modern dog is quite different from the dogs that existed even a century ago, its job having changed dramatically from the hunting, herding, retrieving, and guarding for which many were bred.
In this book, you will see that it is often how people respond to and interpret the actions of dogs and dog owners that has a greater effect on the dog's life than the behavior patterns that have been programmed into the dog's genes.
The Modern Dog will show you how some of your dog's strange and funny habits are his own and some come from you. Illustrated throughout with Dr.
Coren's own charming drawings, The Modern Dog chronicles the various aspects of how we interact with dogs, how society responds to dogs, how our relationships with dogs have changed over history, and where dogs fit into our personal and emotional lives.
It does this by telling the stories of dogs that work, dogs that love, dogs that behave badly, and dogs that will make you laugh. For anyone whose best-laid plans have been foiled by faulty thinking, Blunder reveals how understanding seven simple traps-Exposure Anxiety, Causefusion, Flat View, Cure-Allism, Infomania, Mirror Imaging, Static Cling-can make us all less apt to err in our daily lives.
Awakenings Oliver Sacks May 29, 2. Awakenings--which inspired the major motion picture--is the remarkable story of a group of patients who contracted sleeping-sickness during the great epidemic just after World War I.
Frozen for decades in a trance-like state, these men and women were given up as hopeless until , when Dr.
Sacks recounts the moving case histories of his patients, their lives, and the extraordinary transformations which went with their reintroduction to a changed world.
Hallucinations Oliver Sacks November 6, 2. Heard someone call your name in an empty house? Sensed someone following you and turned around to find nothing?
Much more commonly, they are linked to sensory deprivation, intoxication, illness, or injury. People with migraines may see shimmering arcs of light or tiny, Lilliputian figures of animals and people.
People with failing eyesight, paradoxically, may become immersed in a hallucinatory visual world. Hallucinations can be brought on by a simple fever or even the act of waking or falling asleep, when people have visions ranging from luminous blobs of color to beautifully detailed faces or terrifying ogres.
Humans have always sought such life-changing visions, and for thousands of years have used hallucinogenic compounds to achieve them.
As a young doctor in California in the s, Oliver Sacks had both a personal and a professional interest in psychedelics. These, along with his early migraine experiences, launched a lifelong investigation into the varieties of hallucinatory experience.
Here, with his usual elegance, curiosity, and compassion, Dr. Bestselling author and world-renowned executive coach Marshall Goldsmith examines the environmental and psychological triggers that can derail us at work and in life.
One of the most important psychological studies of the late twentieth century, On Death and Dying grew out of Dr. Elisabeth Kübler-Ross's famous interdisciplinary seminar on death, life, and transition.
In this remarkable book, Dr. Kübler-Ross first explored the now-famous five stages of death: Through sample interviews and conversations, she gives the reader a better understanding of how imminent death affects the patient, the professionals who serve that patient, and the patient's family, bringing hope to all who are involved.
Mathematics See more The beauty of numbers. Whatever Happened to the Metric System?: The intriguing tale of why the United States has never adopted the metric system, and what that says about us.
The American standard system of measurement is a unique and odd thing to behold with its esoteric, inconsistent standards: For something as elemental as counting and estimating the world around us, it seems like a confusing tool to use.
So how did we end up with it? Most of the rest of the world is on the metric system, and for a time in the s America appeared ready to make the switch.
Yet it never happened, and the reasons for that get to the root of who we think we are, just as the measurements are woven into the ways we think.
John Marciano chronicles the origins of measurement systems, the kaleidoscopic array of standards throughout Europe and the thirteen American colonies, the combination of intellect and circumstance that resulted in the metric system's creation in France in the wake of the French Revolution, and America's stubborn adherence to the hybrid United States Customary System ever since.
As much as it is a tale of quarters and tenths, it is a human drama, replete with great inventors, visionary presidents, obsessive activists, and science-loving technocrats.
Is it safer to fly or take the train? How dangerous is skydiving? And is eating that extra sausage going to kill you? We've all heard the statistics for risky activities, but what do they mean in the real world?
In The Norm Chronicles, journalist Michael Blastland and risk expert David Spiegelhalter explore these questions through the stories of average Norm and an ingenious measurement called the MicroMort-a one in a million chance of dying.
They reveal why general anesthesia is as dangerous as a parachute jump, giving birth in the US is nearly twice as risky as in the UK, and that the radiation from eating a banana shaves 3 seconds off your life.
An entertaining guide to the statistics of personal risk, The Norm Chronicles will enlighten anyone who has ever worried about the dangers we encounter in our daily lives.
In , a young unschooled Indian clerk wrote a letter to G H Hardy, begging the preeminent English mathematician's opinion on several ideas he had about numbers.
Realizing the letter was the work of a genius, Hardy arranged for Srinivasa Ramanujan to come to England. Thus began one of the most improbable and productive collaborations ever chronicled.
With a passion for rich and evocative detail, Robert Kanigel takes us from the temples and slums of Madras to the courts and chapels of Cambridge University, where the devout Hindu Ramanujan, "the Prince of Intuition," tested his brilliant theories alongside the sophisticated and eccentric Hardy, "the Apostle of Proof.
The Man of Numbers: In , a year old Italian finished one of the most influential books of all time, which introduced modern arithmetic to Western Europe.
Devised in India in the 7th and 8th centuries and brought to North Africa by Muslim traders, the Hindu-Arabic system helped transform the West into the dominant force in science, technology, and commerce, leaving behind Muslim cultures which had long known it but had failed to see its potential.
The young Italian, Leonardo of Pisa better known today as Fibonacci , had learned the Hindu number system when he traveled to North Africa with his father, a customs agent.
The book he created was Liber abbaci, the "Book of Calculation," and the revolution that followed its publication was enormous. Arithmetic made it possible for ordinary people to buy and sell goods, convert currencies, and keep accurate records of possessions more readily than ever before.
Liber abbaci's publication led directly to large-scale international commerce and the scientific revolution of the Renaissance. Yet despite the ubiquity of his discoveries, Leonardo of Pisa remains an enigma.
His name is best known today in association with an exercise in Liber abbaci whose solution gives rise to a sequence of numbers--the Fibonacci sequence--used by some to predict the rise and fall of financial markets, and evident in myriad biological structures.
One of the great math popularizers of our time, Keith Devlin recreates the life and enduring legacy of an overlooked genius, and in the process makes clear how central numbers and mathematics are to our daily lives.
Until then, the distinguished author's friendly, well-argued style should guarantee its popular success. Within the past ten years, however, mathematicians have proven that they hold the key to unlocking the mysteries of our world--and ourselves.
In The Mathematics of Life, Ian Stewart provides a fascinating overview of the vital but little-recognized role mathematics has played in pulling back the curtain on the hidden complexities of the natural world--and how its contribution will be even more vital in the years ahead.
In his characteristically clear and entertaining fashion, Stewart explains how mathematicians and biologists have come to work together on some of the most difficult scientific problems that the human race has ever tackled, including the nature and origin of life itself.
An awesome, globe-spanning, and New York Times best-selling journey through the beauty and power of mathematics What if you had to take an art class in which you were only taught how to paint a fence?
What if you were never shown the paintings of van Gogh and Picasso, weren't even told they existed? Alas, this is how math is taught, and so for most of us it becomes the intellectual equivalent of watching paint dry.
In Love and Math, renowned mathematician Edward Frenkel reveals a side of math we've never seen, suffused with all the beauty and elegance of a work of art.
In this heartfelt and passionate book, Frenkel shows that mathematics, far from occupying a specialist niche, goes to the heart of all matter, uniting us across cultures, time, and space.
Love and Math tells two intertwined stories: Having braved a discriminatory educational system to become one of the twenty-first century's leading mathematicians, Frenkel now works on one of the biggest ideas to come out of math in the last 50 years: Considered by many to be a Grand Unified Theory of mathematics, the Langlands Program enables researchers to translate findings from one field to another so that they can solve problems, such as Fermat's last theorem, that had seemed intractable before.
At its core, Love and Math is a story about accessing a new way of thinking, which can enrich our lives and empower us to better understand the world and our place in it.
It is an invitation to discover the magic hidden universe of mathematics. In Pursuit of the Unknown: The seventeen equations that form the basis for life as we know it Most people are familiar with history's great equations: Newton's Law of Gravity, for instance, or Einstein's theory of relativity.
But the way these mathematical breakthroughs have contributed to human progress is seldom appreciated.
In In Pursuit of the Unknown, celebrated mathematician Ian Stewart untangles the roots of our most important mathematical statements to show that equations have long been a driving force behind nearly every aspect of our lives.
Using seventeen of our most crucial equations--including the Wave Equation that allowed engineers to measure a building's response to earthquakes, saving countless lives, and the Black-Scholes model, used by bankers to track the price of financial derivatives over time--Stewart illustrates that many of the advances we now take for granted were made possible by mathematical discoveries.
An approachable, lively, and informative guide to the mathematical building blocks of modern life, In Pursuit of the Unknown is a penetrating exploration of how we have also used equations to make sense of, and in turn influence, our world.
Detailed proofs and clear-cut explanations provide an excellent introduction to the elementary components of classical algebraic number theory in this concise, well-written volume.
The authors, a pair of noted mathematicians, start with a discussion of divisibility and proceed to examine Gaussian primes their determination and role in Fermat's theorem ; polynomials over a field including the Eisenstein irreducibility criterion ; algebraic number fields; bases finite extensions, conjugates and discriminants, and the cyclotomic field ; and algebraic integers and integral bases.
After establishing a firm introductory foundation, the text explores the uses of arithmetic in algebraic number fields; the fundamental theorem of ideal theory and its consequences; ideal classes and class numbers; and the Fermat conjecture concluding with discussions of Pythagorean triples, units in cyclotomic fields, and Kummer's theorem.
In addition to a helpful list of symbols and an index, a set of carefully chosen problems appears at the end of each chapter to reinforce mathematics covered.
Students and teachers of undergraduate mathematics courses will find this volume a first-rate introduction to algebraic number theory.
First there was Edwin A. Abbott's remarkable Flatland, published in , and one of the all-time classics of popular mathematics.
Now, from mathematician and accomplished science writer Ian Stewart, comes what Nature calls "a superb sequel.
The journey begins when our heroine, Victoria Line, comes upon her great-great-grandfather A. Square's diary, hidden in the attic.
The writings help her to contact the Space Hopper, who tempts her away from her home and family in Flatland and becomes her guide and mentor through ten dimensions.
In the tradition of Alice in Wonderland and The Phantom Toll Booth, this magnificent investigation into the nature of reality is destined to become a modern classic.
Out of the Labyrinth: The subject can seem convoluted and forbidding. Robert and Ellen Kaplan are founders of the Math Circle, a pioneering learning program begun at Harvard in and now spreading around the world.
In their classrooms students ages six to sixty have discovered mathematics as the highest form of intellectual play, while exploring topics that range from Roman numerals to quantum mechanics.
The Kaplans reveal the secrets of their highly successful approach, leading readers out of the labyrinth and into the joyous embrace of mathematics.
Stocked with puzzles, colorful anecdotes, and insights from the authors' own teaching experience, Out of the Labyrinth is both an engaging and practical guide for parents and educators, and a treasure chest of mathematical discoveries.
For any reader who has felt the excitement of mathematical discovery-or tried to convey it to someone else-this volume will be a delightful and valued companion.
Richard Feynman See more. New York Times Bestseller: Raised in Depression-era Rockaway Beach, physicist Richard Feynman was irreverent, eccentric, and childishly enthusiastic—a new kind of scientist in a field that was in its infancy.
His quick mastery of quantum mechanics earned him a place at Los Alamos working on the Manhattan Project under J. There, Feynman turned theory into practice, culminating in the Trinity test, on July 16, , when the Atomic Age was born.
He was only twenty-seven. And he was just getting started. Perfectly Reasonable Deviations from the Beaten Track: The Letters of Richard P. Feynman August 1, 2.
A Nobel Prize-winning physicist, a loving husband and father, an enthusiastic teacher, a surprisingly accomplished bongo player, and a genius of the highest caliberRichard P.
Feynman was all these and more. Perfectly Reasonable Deviations From the Beaten Track--collecting over forty years' worth of Feynman's letters--offers an unprecedented look at the writer and thinker whose scientific mind and lust for life made him a legend in his own time.
Containing missives to and from such scientific luminaries as Victor Weisskopf, Stephen Wolfram, James Watson, and Edward Teller, as well as a remarkable selection of letters to and from fans, students, family, and people from around the world eager for Feynman's advice and counsel, Perfectly Reasonable Deviations From the Beaten Track not only illuminates the personal relationships that underwrote the key developments in modern science, but also forms the most intimate look at Feynman yet available.
Feynman was a man many felt close to but few really knew, and this collection reveals the full wisdom and private passion of a personality that captivated everyone it touched.
Perfectly Reasonable Deviations From the Beaten Track is an eloquent testimony to the virtue of approaching the world with an inquiring eye; it demonstrates the full extent of the Feynman legacy like never before.
Edited and with additional commentary by his daughter Michelle, it's a must-read for Feynman fans everywhere, and for anyone seeking to better understand one of the towering figures--and defining personalities--of the twentieth century.
Feynman's Tips on Physics: Feynman January 29, 2. Feynman's Tips on Physics is a delightful collection of Richard P. Feynman's insights and an essential companion to his legendary Feynman Lectures on Physics With characteristic flair, insight, and humor, Feynman discusses topics physics students often struggle with and offers valuable tips on addressing them.
Included here are three lectures on problem-solving and a lecture on inertial guidance omitted from The Feynman Lectures on Physics.
An enlightening memoir by Matthew Sands and oral history interviews with Feynman and his Caltech colleagues provide firsthand accounts of the origins of Feynman's landmark lecture series.
Also included are incisive and illuminating exercises originally developed to supplement The Feynman Lectures on Physics, by Robert B.
Leighton and Rochus E. Feynman's Tips on Physics was co-authored by Michael A. Gottlieb and Ralph Leighton to provide students, teachers, and enthusiasts alike an opportunity to learn physics from some of its greatest teachers, the creators of The Feynman Lectures on Physics.
The Meaning of It All: Thoughts of a Citizen-Scientist Richard P. Feynman April 29, 2. Many appreciate Richard P. Feynman's contributions to twentieth-century physics, but few realize how engaged he was with the world around him—how deeply and thoughtfully he considered the religious, political, and social issues of his day.
Now, a wonderful book—based on a previously unpublished, three-part public lecture he gave at the University of Washington in —shows us this other side of Feynman, as he expounds on the inherent conflict between science and religion, people's distrust of politicians, and our universal fascination with flying saucers, faith healing, and mental telepathy.
Here we see Feynman in top form: This is quintessential Feynman—reflective, amusing, and ever enlightening. Feynman March 22, 2.
It was Richard Feynman's outrageous and scintillating method of teaching that earned him legendary status among students and professors of physics.
From to , Feynman delivered a series of lectures at the California Institute of Technology that revolutionized the teaching of physics around the world.
Six Easy Pieces, taken from these famous Lectures on Physics, represent the most accessible material from the series.
In these classic lessons, Feynman introduces the general reader to the following topics: With his dazzling and inimitable wit, Feynman presents each discussion with a minimum of jargon.
Filled with wonderful examples and clever illustrations, Six Easy Pieces is the ideal introduction to the fundamentals of physics by one of the most admired and accessible physicists of modern times.
Six lectures, all regarding the most revolutionary discovery in twentieth-century physics: Einstein's Theory of Relativity. No one--not even Einstein himself--explained these difficult, anti-intuitive concepts more clearly, or with more verve and gusto, than Feynman.
Food for Thought See more The science of what we eat. Corriher October 28, 2. On a very basic level, it can be said that problem gambling is caused by a person's inability to control their behavior.
What exactly underlies this problem, however, can vary between individuals, with several factors contributing to the disorder.
One of the major causes of problem gambling is biological in nature. As mentioned earlier, there are biological reasons to believe that some aspects of compulsive gambling are similar to those in other addictions, and brain imaging has shown that a gambling win can produce a neurological response similar to the response seen when a cocaine addict receives a dose of the drug.
Deficiencies in norepinephrine and serotonin have also been linked to compulsive behaviors. Other factors can also contribute to problem gambling, even if they are not direct causes.
For instance, the way an individual thinks about gambling may have a role in whether that person subsequently develops a problem.
Many believe that the gambler's fallacy provides a seemingly logical rationalization for such compulsive behavior.
The gambler's fallacy is the belief that a series of independent events will affect the odds of future independent events.
However, an individual believing in the gambler's fallacy is likely to believe that the coin is more likely to land on tails in the upcoming flips to "make up" for the previous results.
This can provide additional motivation for a compulsive gambler to chase losses, believing that their luck must change soon. One point that is repeatedly made throughout problem gambling literature is that outside sources do not cause these behaviors to manifest.
While stress may trigger behavior in someone who is a problem gambler, difficulties in one's personal or professional life are not the cause of such compulsions.
Similarly, while the existence of legalized gambling in an area will give people more opportunities to gamble, it would be inaccurate to say that casinos or other gambling outlets directly cause problem gambling.
Often, even in the absence of legalized gambling, those with a compulsive habit will find illegal means to wager on whatever they can. However, it has been observed that fast-paced games are more likely to illicit problem behaviors - a slot machine with rapid bet placement, for instance, might be more attractive to those with a problem than a lottery that can only be played once per day.
There are also several risk factors that increase the likelihood of developing a gambling problem. Those who have addictions to alcohol or some drugs, such as cocaine, have shown increased vulnerability to compulsive gambling.
Several psychological disorders have also been identified as risk factors for problem gambling, including schizophrenia and antisocial personality disorder.
While it might seem as though the symptoms of problem gambling should be obvious, particularly to those who bet compulsively, it is surprisingly common for both gamblers and those around them to miss the signs of a problem.
This is true in part because many of the issues involved with problem gambling can be rationalized by the gambler themselves, sometimes effectively masking the problem.
While definitions of problem gambling vary around the world and from organization to organization, most professionals agree on the signs and symptoms associated with the disorder.
For instance, the American Psychiatric Association has come up with a list of ten diagnostic criteria that can be used to diagnose compulsive or pathological gambling in an individual.
Those criteria are as follows:. One need not show all of these symptoms to be diagnosed as a problem gambler. In order to be considered a pathological gambler, an individual must meet at least five of the above criteria, and they must not be the result of a separate mental health problem.
While problem gambling is more loosely defined, an individual who exhibits any of these symptoms may wish to take a closer look at their betting habits, and someone that regularly exhibits multiple criteria may well have a gambling problem.
However, simply looking at this list is not enough to conclusively determine whether you have a gambling addiction.
In order to make an accurate diagnosis, a trained physician must do a complete evaluation of an individual to ensure that some other medical condition is not causing these behaviors.
This might include a physical exam and an interview in order to perform a full mental health evaluation. Some of the negative effects of gambling are readily apparent, while others may be less obvious.
Of course, constant betting can lead individuals into severe financial trouble. A compulsive gambler can quickly accrue large debts, perhaps even resulting in poverty due to the strain from the costs of gambling, the loss of a home, or even complete bankruptcy.
Worse still, these financial problems can sometimes lead to legal issues, as some compulsive gamblers will resort to theft or other means in order to finance their habit.
One of the most important negative effects to recognize is the mental strain that problem gambling can put on an individual.
The actions taken as a result of the disorder can cause rifts in important relationships with friends and family, or jeopardize a person's career.
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